Lithium is a vital player in the global push toward decarbonization as it is a key ingredient in Lithium-Ion batteries used to power electric vehicles (EVs).

As the green revolution gains more momentum throughout the coming decades, so will the demand for lithium. This critical mineral is also widely used in other industrial applications, such as cell phones, laptops, glass, and ceramic production amongst other uses.


There are two main ways that lithium is extracted:

Lithium Brines

Lithium Brines

Since brine deposits account for more than half of the world’s lithium resources, brine mining is the most common lithium extraction method. This process involves either pumping out lithium-rich water from underground aquifers into evaporation ponds or mining ancient seabeds. As the water evaporates, lithium ions can be extracted.

Hard Rock Mining

Hard Rock Mining

Hard rock mining is more complex than the other method but is found at substantially higher lithium grades. It involves mining pegmatite lithium deposits through blasting and crushing. The lithium, typically contained in a mineral called spodumene, is then separated and a concentrate is formed. This concentrate is sent for further processing. As the potential for this type of deposits is very high in Canada, hard rock mining will be the method of choice for Brunswick Exploration.

Greenfield Exploration

Looking for new, undiscovered mineral deposits is known as greenfield exploration. Our team of geologists begins by compiling available data and conducting research to identify locations where they believe the potential for minerals of interests might be found.

Our technical field team is dispatched to conduct a prospecting program by gathering robust observational data using tried-and-true field geology techniques. The goal of the program is to reveal the presence of mineralization that may predict the presence of an unknown mineral deposit.

Brunswick Exploration’s land package in Quebec and Atlantic Canada combined currently includes a total of 125 large S-type pegmatite dykes with strike lengths between 900 and 18 000 meters.